Friday, December 04, 2009

Hibiscus scottii

Hibiscus scottii

Listed as ‘vulnerable’ on the IUCN Red List of threatened species, Hibiscus scottii is endemic to the island of Soqotra. The Soqotran Archipelago is a group of islands in the Arabian Sea belonging to Yemen. Hibiscus scottii is a rare species found in a limited area, restricted to the dense semi-deciduous woodlands and granitic slopes of the Haggeher mountains of Soqotra.

Hibiscus scottii can be distinguished by its beautiful vivid yellow flowers, dark stigma pads and a split calyx. This species was named in honor of Robert Scott (1757-1808), an Irish botanist, physician, plant collector, and professor at Dublin's Trinity College.

Historical Reference: A new Hibiscus (Hibiscus Scottii, figured in the January number of the Botanical Magasine, t. 7816) was in bloom in a house containing Rhododendrons, etc. It is a Socotran plant, with rich yellow flowers, bearing dark- coloured markings at the base; but the flowers were almost closed at the time—the plant was 8 feet high.

   The Gardeners' chronicle: a weekly illustrated journal of horticulture and allied subjects
   Published by Gardeners Chronicle, 1902