Monday, December 28, 2009

Hibiscus campylosiphon var. glabrescens

Hibiscus campylosiphon | Lanútan, Losúban, Pañgardísen, Takúlau Blanco

Hibiscus campylosiphon is a medium-sized tree (to 15m tall) endemic to the Philippine Islands. This species is found in various locations throughout the Philippines, but is common and widely distributed in Luzon. With a short trunk that is often crooked, Hibiscus campylosiphon has large red-centered flowers (up to 8cm) that open white in the morning, sometimes turning to pink as the day progresses. The alternate leaves (6-8 inches ling) are pointed at the tip and rounded at the base. The red fruits are oval, pointed, and about 4cm long. Formerly known as Bombycidendron vidalianum, Thespesia campylosiphon and Hibiscus vidalianus.

Historical uses: Hibiscus campylosiphon furnishes a moderately hard wood that was used in the manufacture of carriage shafts, musical instruments, boat oars and baseball bats. Rope made from the bast possessed considerable strength, and the bark was woven into hats.

Historical Reference: 38486. Bombycidendron vidalianum (Naves) Merr. and Rolfe. (Thespesia campylosiphon Vidal.) Malvaceae. Lanutan. From Lamao, Bataan, Philippine Islands. Presented by Mr. P. J. Wester, horticulturist, Division of Horticulture, Lamao Experiment Station. Received June 4, 1914. " Seed of the lanutan, a tree valuable for Its wood, and also quite ornamental, with large white flowers having a red center, shaped like those of the tropical Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, about 7 inches in diameter. It is probably too tender for Florida.

   ‪Plant inventory, Issues 31-40
   ‪United States. Dept. of Agriculture
   Published ‪1914‬